Forum Discussion on Module 1 - 4th facilitated round of the course (3 - 30 September)

Discussion in Integration of the SDG into national planning Start by SDG Helpdesk Team | one year ago

SDG Helpdesk Team
#1 | one year ago
Welcome to the Forum Discussion on the first module of the Integration of SDGs into National Planning e-learning course.

This module mainly focused on: 
-The principles of integration 
-Sustainable Development 
-The three dimensions of sustainable development 
-Methodologies, concepts, and framework supporting the integration of the 3 dimensions of the SDGs 

If interested in being a candidate for the ToT, please engage in the forum discussions and answer the following questions: 

The process of systems thinking is anchored by six critical steps. Please explain which are the steps and how these could help policymakers meet the challenges of an integrated development agenda (slide 15).
Darshatha Gamage
Partnership Cordinator
UN Volunteers Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
#2 | 25/09/2018 00:48:18
The 6 steps of systems thinking are as beow.
Tell the Story
Draw Behavior Over Time (BOT) Graphs
Create a Focusing Statement
Identify the Structure
Going Deeper into the Issues
Plan an Intervention

The main steps above are critically important to think systematically and to identify solution. Initially it is important to understand the situation and to have the narrative clear. Then it is to analyse the ground situation. Then it moves in to identifying the solutions and moving towards better equipped answers and attitudes. And finally to execute the action.

As a policy maker it is important that we understand the real situation and the need in order to address it. It is through this identification a policy maker will be able to look at structures and solutions and to integrate in the development agenda.
Po Po Minn
Sustainability Manager
Yoma Devlopment Group Limited
#3 | 26/09/2018 07:29:57
6 Steps of system thinking are

1. Tell the Story
2. Draw Behavior Over Time Graphs
3. Create a Focusing Statement
4. Identify the Structure
5. Going Deeper into the Issues
6. Plan an Intervention

I would like to share my experience. On 17 Sep 2018, we could made a policy not to buy any plastic bottles with company money.

Before I could made it I utilized Design thinking and these six steps of system thinking.

Firstly, we tell the story about Plastic issue. In April 2018, we started '' Refill not Landfill'' Campaign. We took out all plastic bottles from our meeting room and substituted with glass jars. We supported water refill area. We gave reuse water bottle as a present and sell with our organization logo.
Within 4 months, we could reduce 4420 Nos plastic water bottle and substitute with 20 L water bottle. Not only that we could reduce the costs for water from 573,210 MMK to 60,396 MMK. That means saving cost 89.5%. We could prove to our BOD and all colleagues this figure.
Emmanuel Rugumire Makuza
Senior Consultant
#4 | 26/09/2018 07:32:00
1. Tell the Story: focus is on trying to understand the problem; examine the whole system rather than parts. engage with stakeholders to reach a common vision about the challenge.
2: BOT: We often think about a problem influenced by our current situation yet problems have a time dimension. BOT presents a specific behaviour through the time.
3: A Focusing Statement
Develop a clear vision about the problem, defined as a statement that indicates the Goal we want to achieve.
4: Identify the Structure;identify a system’s structure and patterns. This will contribute to understanding about the problem as a system archetype.
5: Going Deeper into Issues..helps us understand underlying issues by clarifying four items: the purpose of the system, the mental models, the large system, and the roles of components in the situation.
6: Plan an Intervention; information is used to start the intervention by analysing relationships and leveraging behaviour to achieve the desired goal
SDG Helpdesk Team
#5 | 28/09/2018 11:18:42
All of you are correct.

However, according to the course the process of system thinking is anchored by the following six critical steps:

1- Aspirational Envisioning of a Sustainable Development Future
2- Identification stakeholder
3- Create a systems diagram
4- System Model (identify the important policy leverage points in the systems model)
5- Qualitative Modelling
6- Adjustment of the Aspirational Model
SDG Helpdesk Team
#6 | 28/09/2018 12:10:39
System thinking is suitable for solving complex problems because it looks deeply at the whole system rather than individual parts.

1)The first step is to identify the precise problem and create a system diagram to represent its structure. Envision the problem-solving process (Aspirational Envisioning of SD Model)

2)The identification of relevant stakeholders helps to better understand how systems work and which parts of the system are crucial for change. This will help with understanding who should be targeted in public policy and which perspectives should be brought together.
SDG Helpdesk Team
#7 | 28/09/2018 12:13:39
3)Systems thinking helps clarify patterns of behavior along with the structures and systems that are driving them and ultimately the underlying mental models (attitudes, beliefs, morals, values, and expectations) that design and maintain the structures and systems producing the results that need to be addressed through public policies. The creation of a systems diagram helps to understand the root causes of issues that need to be addressed. It shows how things fit together so as to better understand, for example:

1. what depends on what
2. what is causing what
3. where the information flows
4. where control decisions are made
5. what information flows are most critical
6. how best to manage or intervene in the system for desired results

Systems thinking helps understand system behavior:
• reinforcing process (a feedback flow that generates exponential growth or collapse)
• balancing process (a feedback flow that controls change and helps a system maintain stability)
SDG Helpdesk Team
#8 | 28/09/2018 12:14:24
it also helps to understand the causal loop diagrams which help to represent the dynamic interrelationships between different elements of the system, making understanding of a system’s structure explicit and well capturing its complexity.
SDG Helpdesk Team
#9 | 28/09/2018 12:14:46
4)System thinking helps determine leverage points of policy intervention through which a small change could lead to a larger shift in behaviors, and therefore also to the structure or system. (leverage points are the places in a system that are the most critical points for intervention)

5)Create a qualitative modeling to clarify all the other steps and to provide important insights with which to adjust the aspirational model.

6)Adjust the Aspirational model with the collected information. This will serve to start the intervention phase to reach the desirable behavior/to solve the problem.
Pradeep Saputhanthri
Director(Sustainable Development)
Ministry of Sustainable Development
Sri Lanka
#10 | 30/09/2018 16:21:00
Six critical steps of system thinking.
1)Aspirational Envisioning of SD Future
To achieve a good system model, it is imperative to try and incorporate all that you know about the situation.
2) Identify Stakeholders
Making a list of stakeholders will help to improve the systems and structures
3)Create Systems Diagram
To create the system diagram, start by identifying the goal and what impedes the achievement of that goal or what drives the positive change in it.
4)System Model
Determine leverage points of policy interventions
5)Qualitative Modelling
The name can also reflect what the outcome is of the loop in question through the cause and effect process.
6)Adjustment of the Aspirational Model

May Thu Ne Win
Gender and social inclusion program manager
Volunteer Service Oversea
#11 | 03/10/2018 10:13:45
Six key steps are 1. Aspirational Envisioning of a Sustainable Development Future, 2. Identification stakeholder, 3. Create a systems diagram. 4. System Model (identify the important policy leverage points in the systems model) 5. Qualitative Modelling 6. Adjustment of the Aspirational Model and first step we can take on apsiration and then, we will identify who will be key stakeholders and then, we will put into system diagram by identifying key drivers and then will explore leverage points on different aspects and after that, we can reflect causal loop and then we can adjust back to aspiration model.
#12 | 24/12/2018 21:36:40
Six étapes critiques de la pensée systèmique
1) Ambition pour le développement durable
Pour obtenir un bon modèle de système, il est nécessaires d’intégrer tout ce que vous savez de la situation.
2) Identifier les parties forces en présence
Dresser une liste de parties prenantes aidera à améliorer les systèmes et les structures.
3) diagramme du systèmes
Pour créer le diagramme de systèmes, commencez par identifier l’objectif et ce qui empêche la réalisation de cet objectif ou ce qui en fait le changement positif.
4) Modèle de système
Déterminer les points de levier des interventions politiques
5) les donnees qualitative
Le nom peut également refléter le résultat de la boucle en question tout au long du processus de cause à effet.
6) Ajustement du modèle d'aspiration

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